Science and Organic Cotton

October 4, 2005
Pollution decreasing male births?
Environmental Health Perspectives examines the possible connection between a startlingly low male birth rate and industrial pollution among a population of Native Americans in Ontario living right next to one of Canada's largest concentrations of chemical plants. The area is heavily polluted with PCBs, phthalates and dioxins, all known endocrine disruptors. Canada's average rate for male to female births is roughly 51 to 49; this group's rate of male births has been falling for more than 10 years, and reached just 34.8 percent from 1999-2003. Past studies have documented similar reproductive problems in area wildlife.
Environmental Working Group www.enviroblog.org/2005/10/pollution-decreasing-male-births.html


July 14, 2005
Body Burden - The Pollution in newborn

In a study spearheaded by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) in collaboration with Commonweal, researchers at two major laboratories found an average of 200 industrial chemicals and pollutants in umbilical cord blood from 10 babies born in August and September of 2004 in U.S. hospitals. Tests revealed a total of 287 chemicals in the group. The umbilical cord blood of these 10 children, collected by Red Cross after the cord was cut, harbored pesticides, consumer product ingredients, and wastes from burning coal, gasoline, and garbage. Among them are eight perfluorochemicals used as stain and oil repellants in fast food packaging, clothes and textiles - including the Teflon chemical PFOA, recently characterized as a likely human carcinogen by the EPA's Science Advisory Board - dozens of widely used brominated flame retardants and their toxic by-products; and numerous pesticides. Of the 287 chemicals we detected in umbilical cord blood, we know that 180 cause cancer in humans or animals, 217 are toxic to the brain and nervous system, and 208 cause birth defects or abnormal development in animal tests. The dangers of pre- or post-natal exposure to this complex mixture of carcinogens, developmental toxins and neurotoxins have never been studied.
Environmental Working Group www.ewg.org/reports/bodyburden2


February 8, 2005
The Department of Health and Human Services recently released its Eleventh Edition of the Report on Carcinogens, adding 17 substances to the growing list of cancer-causing agents, bringing the total to 246. For the first time a new listings include a host of substances used in textile dyes, paints and inks. (more)


September 1, 2004
A case-control study of parental occupation, leukemia, and brain tumors in an industrial city in Taiwan. Ali R - J Occup Environ Med - 01-SEP-2004; 46(9): 985-92


March 1, 2003
The median concentration of organophosphorus pesticide metabolites was approximately six times higher for children with conventional diets than for children with organic diets according to the study that compared level of five organophosphorus pesticides metabolites in 24-hr urine samples from group of children consuming either organic or conventional food for 3 days. Consumption of organic produce appears to provide a relatively simple way for parents to reduce their children's exposure to organophosphorus pesticides (more)


January 1, 2003
Nearly 500 pesticide poisonings were reported for California farm workers every year from 1997 to 2000. Most poisonings occurred as a result of soil fumigation and pesticide applications to grapes, oranges, and cotton. (more)


January 1, 2003
The exact incidence of textile contact dermatitis is unknown, but recent studies demonstrate that contact dermatitis produced by allergic or irritant reactions to clothing is more frequent than previously thought. It also has been shown that the frequency of textile-dye allergy is increasing. The clinical features of contact dermatitis caused by clothing may resemble common allergic contact dermatitis or may have atypical presentations. The diagnosis of contact dermatitis caused by clothing may be difficult in some cases... (more)


January 1, 2003
Pesticide levels above the limit of quantitation were seen in the urine of children of agricultural workers. (more)


December 1, 2002
Community exposures to airborne agricultural pesticides in California: ranking of inhalation risks.
Lee S - Environ Health Perspect - 01-DEC-2002; 110(12): 1175-84


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